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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

STUDIES IN THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SEX, VOLUME II 

 

Sexual Inversion 

 

by 

 

HAVELOCK ELLIS 

 

1927 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PREFACE TO THE THIRD EDITION. 

 

 

It has been remarked by Professor Wilhelm Ostwald that the problem of 

homosexuality is a problem left over to us by the Middle Ages, which for 

five hundred years dealt with inverts as it dealt with heretics and 

witches. To regard the matter thus is to emphasize its social and 

humanitarian interest rather than its biological and psychological 

significance. It is no doubt this human interest of the question of 

inversion, rather than its scientific importance, great as the latter is, 

which is mainly responsible for the remarkable activity with which the 

study of homosexuality has been carried on during recent years. 

 

The result has been that, during the fourteen years that have passed since 

the last edition of this _Study_ was issued, so vast an amount of work has 

been carried on in this field that the preparation of a new edition of the 

book has been a long and serious task. Nearly every page has been 

rewritten or enlarged and the Index of Authors consulted has more than 

doubled in length. The original portions of the book have been still more 

changed; sixteen new Histories have been added, selected from others in my 

possession as being varied, typical, and full. 

 

These extensive additions to the volume have rendered necessary various 

omissions. Many of the shorter and less instructive Histories contained in 

earlier editions have been omitted, as well as three Appendices which no 

longer seem of sufficient interest to retain. In order to avoid undue 

increase in the size of this volume, already much larger than in the 

previous editions, a new Study of Eonism, or sexo-esthetic inversion, will 

be inserted in vol. v, where it will perhaps be at least as much in place 

as here. 

 

HAVELOCK ELLIS. 

 

 

 

 

PREFACE TO FIRST EDITION. 

 

 

It was not my intention to publish a study of an abnormal manifestation of 

the sexual instinct before discussing its normal manifestations. It has 

happened, however, that this part of my work is ready first, and, since I 

thus gain a longer period to develop the central part of my subject, I do 

not regret the change of plan. 

 

I had not at first proposed to devote a whole volume to sexual inversion. 

It may even be that I was inclined to slur it over as an unpleasant 

subject, and one that it was not wise to enlarge on. But I found in time 

that several persons for whom I felt respect and admiration were the 

congenital subjects of this abnormality. At the same time I realized that 

in England, more than in any other country, the law and public opinion 

combine to place a heavy penal burden and a severe social stigma on the 

manifestations of an instinct which to those persons who possess it 

frequently appears natural and normal. It was clear, therefore, that the 

matter was in special need of elucidation and discussion. 

 

There can be no doubt that a peculiar amount of ignorance exists regarding 

the subject of sexual inversion. I know medical men of many years' general 

experience who have never, to their knowledge, come across a single case. 

We may remember, indeed, that some fifteen years ago the total number of 

cases recorded in scientific literature scarcely equaled those of British 

race which I have obtained, and that before my first cases were published 

not a single British case, unconnected with the asylum or the prison, had 

ever been recorded. Probably not a very large number of people are even 

aware that the turning in of the sexual instinct toward persons of the 

same sex can ever be regarded as inborn, so far as any sexual instinct is 

inborn. And very few, indeed, would not be surprised if it were possible 

to publish a list of the names of sexually inverted men and women who at 

the present time are honorably known in church, state, society, art, or 

letters. It could not be positively affirmed of all such persons that they 

were born inverted, but in most the inverted tendency seems to be 

instinctive, and appears at a somewhat early age. In any case, however, it 

must be realized that in this volume we are not dealing with subjects 

belonging to the lunatic asylum, or the prison. We are concerned with 


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