Main  Contacts  
Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

inborn. 

 

In America attention had been given to the phenomena at a fairly early 

period. Mention may be specially made of J.G. Kiernan and G. Frank 

Lydston, both of whom put forward convenient classifications of homosexual 

manifestations some thirty years ago.[122] More recently (1911) an 

American writer, under the pseudonym of Xavier Mayne, privately printed an 

extensive work entitled _The Intersexes: A History of Similisexualism as 

a Problem in Social Life_, popularly written and compiled from many 

sources. This book, from a subjective and scarcely scientific standpoint, 

claims that homosexual relationships are natural, necessary, and 

legitimate.[123] 

 

In England the first attempts to deal seriously, from the modern point of 

view, with the problem of homosexuality came late, and were either 

published privately or abroad. In 1883 John Addington Symonds privately 

printed his discussion of _paiderastia_ in ancient Greece, under the title 

of _A Problem in Greek Ethics_, and in 1889-1890 he further wrote, and in 

1891 privately printed, _A Problem of Modern Ethics: Being an Enquiry into 

the Phenomena of Sexual Inversion_. In 1886 Sir Richard Burton added to 

his translation of the _Arabian Nights_ a Terminal Essay on the same 

subject. In 1894 Edward Carpenter privately printed in Manchester a 

pamphlet entitled _Homogenic Love_, in which he criticised various 

psychiatric views of inversion at that time current, and claimed that the 

laws of homosexual love are the same as those of heterosexual love, 

urging, however, that the former possesses a special aptitude to be 

exalted to a higher and more spiritual level of comradeship, so fulfilling 

a beneficent social function. More recently (1907) Edward Carpenter 

published a volume of papers on homosexuality and its problems, under the 

title of _The Intermediate Sex_, and later (1914) a more special study of 

the invert in early religion and in warfare, _Intermediate Types among 

Primitive Folk_. 

 

In 1896 the most comprehensive book so far written on the subject in 

England was published in French by Mr. Andre Raffalovich (in Lacassagne's 

_Bibliotheque de Criminologie_), _Uranisme et Unisexualite_. This book 

dealt chiefly with congenital inversion, publishing no new cases, but 

revealing a wide knowledge of the matter. Raffalovich put forward many 

just and sagacious reflections on the nature and treatment of inversion, 

and the attitude of society toward perverted sexuality. The historical 

portions of the book, which are of special interest, deal largely with the 

remarkable prevalence of inversion in England, neglected by previous 

investigators. Raffalovich, whose attitude is, on the whole, philosophical 

rather than scientific, regards congenital inversion as a large and 

inevitable factor in human life, but, taking the Catholic standpoint, he 

condemns all sexuality, either heterosexual or homosexual, and urges the 

invert to restrain the physical manifestations of his instinct and to aim 

at an ideal of chastity. On the whole, it may be said that the book is the 

work of a thinker who has reached his own results in his own way, and 

those results bear an imprint of originality and freedom from tradition. 

 

In recent years no one has so largely contributed to place our knowledge 

of sexual inversion on a broad and accurate basis as Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld 

of Berlin, who possesses an unequalled acquaintance with the phenomena of 

homosexuality in all their aspects. He has studied the matter exhaustively 

in Germany and to some extent in other countries also; he has received the 

histories of a thousand inverts; he is said to have met over ten thousand 

homosexual persons. As editor of the _Jahrbuch fuer sexuelle 

Zwischenstufen_, which he established in 1899, and author of various 

important monographs--more especially on transitional psychic and physical 

stages between masculinity and femininity--Hirschfeld had already 

contributed greatly to the progress of investigation in this field before 

the appearance in 1914 of his great work, _Die Homosexualitaet des Mannes 

und des Weibes_. This is not only the largest but the most precise, 

detailed, and comprehensive--even the most condensed--work which has yet 

appeared on the subject. It is, indeed, an encyclopedia of homosexuality. 


Page 4 from 5:  Back   1   2   3  [4]  5   Forward