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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

1908), concludes that he was bisexual but that his sexual 

impulses had been sublimated. It may be added that many results 

of recent investigation concerning _paiderastia_ are summarized 

by Hirschfeld, _Die Homosexualitaet_, pp. 747-788, and by Edward 

Carpenter, _Intermediate Types Among Primitive Folk_, 1914, part 

ii; see also Bloch, _Die Prostitution_, vol. i, p. 232 et seq., 

and _Der Ursprung der Syphilis_, vol. ii, p. 564. 

 

It would appear that almost the only indications outside Greece of 

_paiderastic_ homosexuality showing a high degree of tenderness and 

esthetic feeling are to be found in Persian and Arabian literature, after 

the time of the Abbasids, although this practice was forbidden by the 

Koran.[22] 

 

In Constantinople, as Naecke was informed by German inverts living in that 

city, homosexuality is widespread, most cultivated Turks being capable of 

relations with boys as well as with women, though very few are exclusively 

homosexual, so that their attitude would seem to be largely due to custom 

and tradition. Adult males rarely have homosexual relations together; one 

of the couple is usually a boy of 12 to 18 years, and this condition of 

things among the refined classes is said to resemble ancient Greek 

_paiderastia_. But ordinary homosexual prostitution is prevalent; it is 

especially recognized in the baths which abound in Constantinople and are 

often open all night. The attendants at these baths are youths who 

scarcely need an invitation to induce them to gratify the client in this 

respect, the gratification usually consisting in masturbation, mutual or 

one-sided, as desired. The practice, though little spoken of, is carried 

on almost openly, and blackmailing is said to be unknown.[23] In the New 

Turkey, however, it is stated by Adler Bey that homosexual prostitution 

has almost disappeared.[24] 

 

There is abundant evidence to show that homosexual practices exist and 

have long existed in most parts of the world outside Europe, when 

subserving no obvious social or moral end. How far they are associated 

with congenital inversion is usually very doubtful. In China, for 

instance, it seems that there are special houses devoted to male 

prostitution, though less numerous than the houses devoted to females, for 

homosexuality cannot be considered common in China (its prevalence among 

Chinese abroad being due to the absence of women) and it is chiefly found 

in the north.[25] When a rich man gives a feast he sends for women to 

cheer the repast by music and song, and for boys to serve at table and to 

entertain the guests by their lively conversation. The boys have been 

carefully brought up for this occupation, receiving an excellent 

education, and their mental qualities are even more highly valued than 

their physical attractiveness. The women are less carefully brought up and 

less esteemed. After the meal the lads usually return home with a 

considerable fee. What further occurs the Chinese say little about. It 

seems that real and deep affection is often born of these relations, at 

first platonic, but in the end becoming physical, not a matter for great 

concern in the eyes of the Chinese. In the Chinese novels, often of a very 

literary character, devoted to masculine love, it seems that all the 

preliminaries and transports of normal love are to be found, while 

physical union may terminate the scene. In China, however, the law may be 

brought into action for attempts against nature even with mutual consent; 

the penalty is one hundred strokes with the bamboo and a month's 

imprisonment; if there is violence, the penalty is decapitation; I am not 

able to say how far the law is a dead letter. According to Matignon, so 

far as homosexuality exists in China, it is carried on with much more 

decorum and restraint than it is in Europe, and he thinks it may be put 

down to the credit of the Chinese that, unlike Europeans, they never 

practice unnatural connection with women. His account of the customs of 

the Chinese confirms Morache's earlier account, and he remarks that, 

though not much spoken of, homosexuality is not looked down upon. He gives 

some interesting details concerning the boy prostitutes. These are sold by 

their parents (sometimes stolen from them), about the age of 4, and 


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