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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

girl. She travelled much and at one time took a house at 

Mitylene, the chief city of ancient Lesbos. She had a love of 

solitude, hated publicity, and was devoted to her women friends, 

especially to one whose early death about 1900 was the great 

sorrow of Pauline Tarn's life. She is described as very 

beautiful, very simple and sweet-natured, and highly accomplished 

in many directions. She suffered, however, from nervous 

overtension and incurable melancholy. Toward the close of her 

life she was converted to Catholicism and died in 1909, at the 

age of 32. She is buried in the cemetery at Passy. Her best verse 

is by some considered among the finest in the French language. 

(Charles Brun, "Pauline Tarn," _Notes and Queries_, 22 Aug., 

1914; the same writer, who knew her well, has also written a 

pamphlet, _Renee Vivien_, Sansot, Paris, 1911.) Her chief volumes 

of poems are _Etudes et Preludes_ (1901), _Cendres et Poussieres_ 

(1902), _Evocations_ (1903). A novel, _Une Femme M'Apparut_ 

(1904), is said to be to some extent autobiographical. "Renee 

Vivien" also wrote a volume on Sappho with translations, and a 

further volume of poems, _Les Kitharedes_, suggested by the 

fragments which remain of the minor women poets of Greece, 

followers of Sappho. 

 

It is, moreover, noteworthy that a remarkably large proportion of the 

cases in which homosexuality has led to crimes of violence, or otherwise 

come under medico-legal observation, has been among women. It is well 

know that the part taken by women generally in open criminality, and 

especially in crimes of violence, is small as compared with men.[144] In 

the homosexual field, as we might have anticipated, the conditions are to 

some extent reversed. Inverted men, in whom a more or less feminine 

temperament is so often found, are rarely impelled to acts of aggressive 

violence, though they frequently commit suicide. Inverted women, who may 

retain their feminine emotionality combined with some degree of infantile 

impulsiveness and masculine energy, present a favorable soil for the seeds 

of passional crime, under those conditions of jealousy and allied emotions 

which must so often enter into the invert's life. 

 

The first conspicuous example of this tendency in recent times is 

the Memphis case (1892) in the United States. (Arthur Macdonald, 

"Observation de Sexualite Pathologique Feminine," _Archives 

d'Anthropologie Criminelle_, May, 1895; see also Krafft-Ebing, 

_Psychopathia Sexualis_, Eng. trans, of 10th ed., p. 550.) In 

this case a congenital sexual invert, Alice Mitchell, planned a 

marriage with Freda Ward, taking a male-name and costume. This 

scheme was frustrated by Freda's sister, and Alice Mitchell then 

cut Freda's throat. There is no reason to suppose that she was 

insane at the time of the murder. She was a typical invert of a 

very pronounced kind. Her mother had been insane and had 

homicidal impulses. She herself was considered unbalanced, and 

was masculine in her habits from her earliest years. Her face was 

obviously unsymmetrical and she had an appearance of youthfulness 

below her age. She was not vicious, and had little knowledge of 

sexual matters, but when she kissed Freda she was ashamed of 

being seen, while Freda could see no reason for being ashamed. 

She was adjudged insane. 


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