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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

And from this point of view the following case, which he mentions, is very 

instructive:-- 

 

A pervert whom I can trust told me that he had made advances to 

upward of one hundred men in the course of the last fourteen 

years, and that he had only once met with a refusal (in which 

case the man later on offered himself spontaneously) and only 

once with an attempt to extort money. Permanent relations of 

friendship sprang up in most instances. He admitted that he 

looked after these persons and helped them with his social 

influence and a certain amount of pecuniary support--setting one 

up in business, giving another something to marry on, and finding 

places for others. 

 

Among the peasantry in Switzerland, I am informed, homosexual 

relationships are not uncommon before marriage, and such relationships are 

lightly spoken of as "Dummheiten". No doubt, similar traits might be found 

in the peasantry of other parts of Europe. 

 

What may be regarded as true sexual inversion can be traced in Europe from 

the beginning of the Christian era (though we can scarcely demonstrate the 

congenital element) especially among two classes--men of exceptional 

ability and criminals; and also, it may be added, among those neurotic and 

degenerate individuals who may be said to lie between these two classes, 

and on or over the borders of both. Homosexuality, mingled with various 

other sexual abnormalities and excesses, seems to have flourished in Rome 

during the empire, and is well exemplified in the persons of many of the 

emperors.[43] Julius Caesar, Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero, 

Galba, Titus, Domitian, Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Commodus, and 

Heliogabalus--many of them men of great ability and, from a Roman 

standpoint, great moral worth--are all charged, on more or less solid 

evidence, with homosexual practices. In Julius Caesar--"the husband of all 

women and the wife of all men" as he was satirically termed--excess of 

sexual activity seems to have accompanied, as is sometimes seen, an excess 

of intellectual activity. He was first accused of homosexual practices 

after a long stay in Bithynia with King Nikomedes, and the charge was 

very often renewed. Caesar was proud of his physical beauty, and, like 

some modern inverts, he was accustomed carefully to shave and epilate his 

body to preserve the smoothness of the skin. Hadrian's love for his 

beautiful slave Antinoues is well known; the love seems to have been deep 

and mutual, and Antinoues has become immortalized, partly by the romance of 

his obscure death and partly by the new and strangely beautiful type which 

he has given to sculpture.[44] Heliogabalus, "the most homosexual of all 

the company," as he has been termed, seems to have been a true sexual 

invert, of feminine type; he dressed as a woman and was devoted to the men 

he loved.[45] 

 

 

 

Homosexual practices everywhere flourish and abound in prisons. There is 

abundant evidence on this point. I will only bring forward the evidence of 

Dr. Wey, formerly physician to the Elmira Reformatory, New York. 

"Sexuality" (he wrote in a private letter) "is one of the most troublesome 

elements with which we have to contend. I have no data as to the number of 

prisoners here who are sexually perverse. In my pessimistic moments I 

should feel like saying that all were; but probably 80 per cent, would be 

a fair estimate." And, referring to the sexual influence which some men 

have over others, he remarks that "there are many men with features 

suggestive of femininity that attract others to them in a way that reminds 

me of a bitch in heat followed by a pack of dogs."[46] In Sing Sing prison 

of New York, 20 per cent, of the prisoners are said to be actively 

homosexual and a large number of the rest passively homosexual. These 

prison relationships are not always of a brutal character, McMurtrie 

states, the attraction sometimes being more spiritual than physical.[47] 

 

Prison life develops and fosters the homosexual tendency of criminals; but 

there can be little doubt that that tendency, or else a tendency to sexual 

indifference or bisexuality, is a radical character of a very large number 

of criminals. We may also find it to a considerable extent among tramps, 


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