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to reform the homosexual manners of the women, the latter made his post so
uncomfortable that he was compelled to resign. Salillas (_Vida Penal en
Espana_) asserts that all the evidence shows the extraordinary expansion
of Lesbian love in prisons. The _mujeres hombrunas_ receive masculine
names--Pepe, Chulo, Bernardo, Valiente; new-comers are surrounded in the
court-yard by a crowd of lascivious women, who overwhelm them with honeyed
compliments and gallantries and promises of protection, the most robust
virago having most successes; a single day and night complete the
 Even among Arab prostitutes it is found, according to Kocher, though
among Arab women generally it is rare.
 _Monatsschrift fuer Harnkrankheiten_, Nov., 1905; in his _Tribadie
Berlins_, he states that among 3000 prostitutes at least ten per cent.
were homosexual. See also Parent-Duchatelet, _De la Prostitution_, 3d ed.,
vol. i, pp. 159, 169; Martineau, _Les Deformations vulvaires et anales_;
and Iwan Bloch, _Beitraege zur AEtiologie der Psychopathia Sexualis_, 1902,
vol. i, p. 244.
 Hirschfeld, _Die Homosexualitaet_, p. 330.
 Eulenburg, _Sexuelle Neuropathie_, p. 144.
 See vol. vi of these _Studies_, "Sex in Relation to Society," ch.
 The prostitute has sometimes been regarded as a special type,
analogous to the instinctive criminal. This point of view has been
specially emphasized by Lombroso and Ferrero, _La Donna Delinquente_.
Apart from this, these authors regard homosexuality among prostitutes as
due to the following causes (p. 410 et seq.): (_a_) excessive and often
unnatural venery; (_b_) confinement in a prison, with separation from men;
(_c_) close association with the same sex, such as is common in brothels;
(_d_) maturity and old age, inverting the secondary sexual characters and
predisposing to sexual inversion; (_e_) disgust of men produced by a
prostitute's profession, combined with the longing for love. For cases of
homosexuality in American prostitutes, see D. McMurtrie, _Lancet-Clinic_,
Nov. 2, 1912.
 Thus Casanova, who knew several nuns intimately, refers to
homosexuality as a childish sin so common in convents that confessors
imposed no penance for it (_Memoires_, ed. Garnier, vol. iv, p. 517).
Homosexuality in convent schools has been studied by Mercante, _Archivos
di Psiquiatria_, 1905, pp. 22-30.
 I quote the following from a private letter written in Switzerland:
"An English resident has told me that his wife has lately had to send away
her parlor-maid (a pretty girl) because she was always taking in strange
women to sleep with her. I asked if she had been taken from hotel service,
and found, as I expected, that she had. But neither my friend nor his wife
suspected the real cause of these nocturnal visits."
 For a series of cases of affection of girls for girls, in apparently
normal subjects in the United States, see, e.g., Lancaster, "The
Psychology and Pedagogy of Adolescence," _Pedagogical Seminary_, July,
1897, p. 88; also, for school friendships between girls, exactly
resembling those between boys and girls, Theodate L. Smith, "Types of
Adolescent Affection," ib., June, 1904, pp. 193, 195.
 Obici and Marchesini, _Le "Amicizie" di Collegio_, Rome, 1898.
 See Appendix B, in which I have briefly summarized the result of the
investigation by Obici and Marchesini, and also brought forward
observations concerning English colleges.
 An interesting ancient example of a woman with an irresistible
impulse to adopt men's clothing and lead a man's life, but who did not, so
far as is known, possess any sexual impulses, is that of Mary Frith,
commonly called Moll Cutpurse, who lived in London at the beginning of the
seventeenth century. _The Life and Death of Mrs. Mary Frith_ appeared in
1662; Middleton and Rowley also made her the heroine of their delightful
comedy, _The Roaring Girl (Mermaid Series, Middleton's Plays_, volume ii),
somewhat idealizing her, however. She seems to have belonged to a neurotic
and eccentric stock; "each of the family," her biographer says, "had his
peculiar freak." As a child she only cared for boys' games, and could
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