Main  Contacts  
Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

CHAPTER V. 

 

THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION. 

 

Analysis of Histories--Race--Heredity--General Health--First Appearance of 

Homosexual Impulse--Sexual Precocity and Hyperesthesia--Suggestion and 

Other Exciting Causes of Inversion--Masturbation--Attitude Toward 

Women--Erotic Dreams--Methods of Sexual Relationship--Pseudo-sexual 

Attraction--Physical Sexual Abnormalities--Artistic and Other 

Aptitudes--Moral Attitude of the Invert. 

 

 

Before stating briefly my own conclusions as to the nature of sexual 

inversion, I propose to analyze the facts brought out in the histories 

which I have been able to study.[183] 

 

 

RACE.--All my cases, 80 in number, are British and American, 20 living in 

the United States and the rest being British. Ancestry, from the point of 

view of race, was not made a matter of special investigation. It appears, 

however, that at least 44 are English or mainly English; at least 10 are 

Scotch or of Scotch extraction; 2 are Irish and 4 others largely Irish; 4 

have German fathers or mothers; another is of German descent on both 

sides, while 2 others are of remote German extraction; 2 are partly, and 1 

entirely, French; 2 have a Portuguese strain, and at least 2 are more or 

less Jewish. Except the apparently frequent presence of the German 

element, there is nothing remarkable in this ancestry. 

 

 

HEREDITY.--It is always difficult to deal securely with the significance 

of heredity, or even to establish a definite basis of facts. I have by no 

means escaped this difficulty, for in some cases I have not even had an 

opportunity of cross-examining the subjects whose histories I have 

obtained. Still, the facts, so far as they emerge, have some interest. I 

possess some record of heredity in 62 of my cases. Of these, not less than 

24, or in the proportion of nearly 39 per cent., assert that they have 

reason to believe that other cases of inversion have occurred in their 

families, and, while in some it is only a strong suspicion, in others 

there is no doubt whatever. In one case there is reason to suspect 

inversion on both sides. Usually the inverted relatives have been 

brothers, sisters, cousins, or uncles. In one case a bisexual son seems to 

have had a bisexual father. 

 

This hereditary character of inversion (which was denied by 

Naecke) is a fact of great significance, and, as it occurs in 

cases with which I am well acquainted, I can have no doubt 

concerning the existence of the tendency. The influence of 

suggestion may often be entirely excluded, especially when the 

persons are of different sex. Both Krafft-Ebing and Moll noted a 

similar tendency. Von Roemer states that in one-third of his cases 

there was inversion in other members of the family. Hirschfeld 

also found that there is a relatively high proportion of cases of 

family inversion. 

 

Twenty-six, so far as can be ascertained, belong to reasonably healthy 

families; minute investigation would probably reduce the number of these, 

and it is noteworthy that even in some of the healthy families there was 

only one child born of the parents' marriage. In 28 cases there is more or 

less frequency of morbidity or abnormality--eccentricity, alcoholism, 

neurasthenia, insanity, or nervous disease--on one or both sides, in 

addition to inversion or apart from it. In some of these cases the 

inverted offspring is the outcome of the union, of a very healthy with a 

thoroughly morbid stock; in some others there is a minor degree of 

abnormality on both sides. 

 

 

GENERAL HEALTH.--It is possible to speak with more certainty of the health 

of the individual than of that of his family. Of the 80 cases, 53--or 

about two-thirds--may be said to enjoy good, and sometimes even very good, 

health, though occasionally there is some slight qualification to be made. 

In 22 cases the health is delicate, or at best only fair; in these cases 

there is sometimes a tendency to consumption, and often marked 

neurasthenia and a more or less unbalanced temperament. Four cases are 

morbid to a considerable degree; the remaining case has had insane 

delusions which required treatment in an asylum. A considerable 

proportion, included among those as having either good or fair health, may 

be described as of extremely nervous temperament, and in most cases they 


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