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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

puberty; in 3 of these there had been a love-disappointment with a woman; 

no other cause than this can be assigned for the transition; but it is 

noteworthy that in at least 2 of these cases the sexual instinct is 

undeveloped or morbidly weak, while a third individual is of somewhat 

weak _physique_, and another has long been in delicate health. In a 

further case, also somewhat morbid, the development was rather more 

complicated. 

 

In 64 cases, or in a proportion of 88 per cent., the abnormal instinct 

began in early life, without previous attraction to the opposite sex.[185] 

In 27 of these it dates from about puberty, usually beginning at school. 

In 39 cases the tendency began before puberty, between the ages of 5 and 

11, usually between 7 and 9, sometimes as early as the subject can 

remember. It must not be supposed that, in these numerous cases of the 

early appearance of homosexuality, the manifestations were of a 

specifically physical character, although erections are noted in a few 

cases. For the most part sexual manifestations at this early age, whether 

homosexual or heterosexual, are purely psychic.[186] 

 

 

SEXUAL PRECOCITY AND HYPERESTHESIA.--It is a fact of considerable interest 

and significance that in so large a number of my cases there was distinct 

precocity of the sexual emotions, both on the physical and psychic sides. 

There can be little doubt that, as many previous observers have found, 

inversion tends strongly to be associated with sexual precocity. I think 

it may further be said that sexual precocity tends to encourage the 

inverted habit where it exists. Why this should be so is obvious, if we 

believe--as there is some reason for believing--that at an early age the 

sexual instinct is comparatively undifferentiated in its manifestations. 

The precocious accentuation of the sexual impulse leads to definite 

crystallization of the emotions at a premature stage. It must be added 

that precocious sexual energy is likely to remain feeble, and that a 

feeble sexual energy adapts itself more easily to homosexual 

relationships, in which there is no definite act to be accomplished, than 

to normal relationships. It is difficult to say how many of my cases 

exhibit sexual weakness. In 6 or 7 it is evident, and it may be suspected 

in many others, especially in those who are, and often describe themselves 

as, "sensitive" or "nervous," as well as in those whose sexual development 

was very late. In many cases there is marked hyperesthesia, or irritable 

weakness. Hyperesthesia simulates strength, and, while there can be little 

doubt that some sexual inverts (and more especially bisexuals) do possess 

unusual sexual energy, in others it is but apparent; the frequent 

repetition of seminal emissions, for example, may be the result of 

weakness as well as of strength. It must be added that this irritability 

of the sexual centers is, in a considerable proportion of inverts, 

associated with marked emotional tendencies to affection and 

self-sacrifice. In the extravagance of his affection and devotion, it has 

been frequently observed, the male invert resembles many normal women. 

 

 

SUGGESTION AND OTHER EXCITING CAUSES OF INVERSION.--In 18 of my cases it 

is possible that some event, or special environment, in early life had 

more or less influence in turning the sexual instinct into homosexual 

channels, or in calling out a latent inversion. In 3 cases a 

disappointment in normal love seems to have produced a profound nervous 

and emotional shock, acting, as we seem bound to admit, on a predisposed 

organism, and developing a fairly permanent tendency to inversion. In 8 

cases there was seduction by an older person, but in at least 4 or 5 of 

these there was already a well-marked predisposition. In at least 8 other 

cases, example, usually at school, may probably be regarded as having 

exerted some influence. It is noteworthy that in very few of my cases can 

we trace the influence of any definite "suggestion," as asserted by 

Schrenck-Notzing, who believes that, in the causation of sexual inversion 

(as undoubtedly in the causation of erotic fetichism), we must give the 

first place to "accidental factors of education and external influence." 


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