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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

condition formerly called psycho-sexual hermaphroditism, but now more 

usually bisexuality. In such cases, although there is pleasure and 

satisfaction in relationships with both sexes, there is usually a greater 

degree of satisfaction in connection with one sex. Most of the bisexual 

prefer their own sex. It is curiously rare to find a person, whether man 

or woman, who by choice exercises relationships with both sexes and 

prefers the opposite sex. This would seem to indicate that the bisexual 

may really be inverts. 

 

In any case bisexuality merges imperceptibly into simple inversion. In at 

least 16 of 52 cases of simple inversion in men there has been connection 

with women, in some instances only once or twice, in others during several 

years, but it was always with an effort, or from a sense of duty and 

anxiety to be normal; they never experienced any real pleasure in the act, 

or sense of satisfaction after it. Four of these cases are married, but 

martial relationships usually ceased after a few years. At least four 

others were attracted to women when younger, but are not now; another once 

felt sexually attracted to a boyish woman, but never made any attempt to 

obtain any relationships with her; 3 or 4 others, again, have tried to 

have connection with women, but failed. The largest proportion of my cases 

have never had any sexual intimacy with the opposite sex,[193] and some of 

these experience what, in the case of the male invert, is sometimes 

called _horror feminae_. But, while woman as an object of sexual desire is 

in such cases disgusting to them, and it is usually difficult for a 

genuine invert to have connection with a woman except by setting up images 

of his own sex, for the most part inverts are capable of genuine 

friendships, irrespective of sex. 

 

It is, perhaps, not difficult to account for the horror--much stronger 

than that normally felt toward a person of the same sex--with which the 

invert often regards the sexual organs of persons of the opposite sex. It 

cannot be said that the sexual organs of either sex under the influence of 

sexual excitement are esthetically pleasing; they only become emotionally 

desirable through the parallel excitement of the beholder. When the 

absence of parallel excitement is accompanied in the beholder by the sense 

of unfamiliarity as in childhood, or by a neurotic hypersensitiveness, the 

conditions are present for the production of intense _horror feminae_ or 

_horror masculis_, as the case may be. It is possible that, as Otto Rank 

argues in his interesting study, "Die Naktheit im Sage und Dichtung," this 

horror of the sexual organs of the opposite sex, to some extent felt even 

by normal people, is embodied in the Melusine type of legend.[194] 

 

 

EROTIC DREAMS.--Our dreams follow, as a general rule, the impulses that 

stir our waking psychic life. The normal man or woman in sexual vigor 

dreams of loving a person of the opposite sex; the inverted man dreams of 

loving a man, the inverted woman of loving a woman.[195] Dreams thus have 

a certain value in diagnosis, more especially since there is less 

unwillingness to confess to a perverted dream than to a perverted action. 

 

Ulrichs first referred to the significance of the dreams of inverts. At a 

later period Moll pointed out that they have some value in diagnosis when 

we are not sure how far the inverted tendency is radical. Then Naecke 

repeatedly emphasized the importance of dreams as constituting, he 

believed, the most delicate test we possess in the diagnosis of 

homosexuality;[196] this was an exaggerated view which failed to take into 

account the various influences which may deflect dreams. Hirschfeld has 

made the most extensive investigation on this point, and found that among 

100 inverts 87 had exclusively homosexual dreams, while most of the rest 

had no dreams at all.[197] Among my cases, only 4 definitely state that 

there are no erotic dreams, while 31 acknowledge that the dreams are 

concerned more or less with persons of the same sex. Of these, at least 16 

assert or imply that their dreams are exclusively of the same sex. Two, 

though apparently inverted congenitally, have had erotic dreams of women, 

in one case more frequently than of men; these two exceptions have no 


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