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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

apparent explanation. Another appears to have sexual dreams of a nightmare 

character in which women appear. In another case there were always at 

first dreams of women, but this subject had sometimes had connection with 

prostitutes, and is not absolutely indifferent to women, while another, 

whose dreams remain heterosexual, had in early life some attraction to 

girls. In the cases of distinct bisexuality there is no unanimity; 2 dream 

of their own sex, 2 dream of both sexes, 1 usually dreams of the opposite 

sex, and 1 man, while dreaming of both, dislikes those dreams in which 

women figure. In at least 3 cases dreams of a sexual character began at 

the age of 8 or earlier. 

 

The phenomena presented by erotic dreams, alike in normal and 

abnormal persons, are somewhat complex, and dreams are by no 

means a sure guide to the dreamer's real sexual attitude. The 

fluctuations of dream imagery may be illustrated by the 

experiences of one of my subjects who thus indirectly summarises 

his own experiences: "When he was quite a child, he used to be 

haunted by gross and grotesque dreams of naked adult men, which 

must have been erotic. At the age of puberty he dreamed in two 

ways, but always about males. One species of vision was highly 

idealistic; a radiant and lovely young man's face with floating 

hair appeared to him on a background of dim shadows. The other 

was obscene, being generally the sight of a groom's or carter's 

genitals in a state of violent erection. He never dreamed 

erotically or sentimentally about women; but when the dream was 

frightful, the terror-making personage was invariably female. In 

ordinary dreams, women of his family or acquaintance played a 

trivial part. At the age of 24, having determined to conquer his 

homosexual passions, he married, found no difficulty in 

cohabiting with his wife, and begat several children, although he 

took but little passionate delight in the sexual act. He still 

continued to dream exclusively of men, for several years; and the 

obscene visions became more frequent than the idealistic. 

Gradually, coarse and uninteresting erotic dreams of women began 

to haunt his mind in sleep. A curious particular regarding the 

new type of vision was that he never dreamed of whole females, 

only of their sexual parts, seen in a blur; and the seminal 

emissions which attended the mental pictures left a feeling of 

fatigue and disgust. In course of time, his wife and he agreed to 

live separately so far as sexual relations are concerned. He then 

indulged his passion for males, and wholly lost those rudimentary 

female dreams which had been developed during the period of 

nuptial cohabitation." 

 

Not only is it possible for the genuine invert to be trained into 

heterosexual erotic dreams, but homosexual dreams may 

occasionally be experienced by persons who are, and always have 

been, exclusively heterosexual. I could bring forward much 

evidence on this point. (Cf. "Auto-erotism" in vol. i of these 

_Studies_.) Both men and women who have always been of pronounced 

heterosexual tendency, without a trace of inversion, are liable 

to rare homosexual dreams, not necessarily involving orgasm or 

even definite sexual excitement, and sometimes accompanied by a 

feeling of repugnance. As an example I may present a dream (which 

had no known origin) of an exclusively heterosexual lady aged 42; 

she dreamed she was in bed with another woman, unknown to her, 

and lying on her own stomach, while with her right hand stretched 

out she was feeling the other's sexual parts. She could 

distinctly perceive the clitoris, vagina, etc.; she felt a sort 

of disgust with herself for what she was doing, but continued 

until she awoke; she then found herself lying on her stomach as 

in the dream and at first thought she must have been touching 

herself, but realized that this could not have been the case. 

(Niceforo, who believes that inversion may develop out of 

masturbation, considers that dreams of masturbation by 

association of ideas may take on an inverted character [_Le 


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