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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

PHYSICAL ABNORMALITIES.--The circumstances under which many of my cases 

were investigated often made information under this head difficult to 

obtain, or to verify. In at least 4 cases the penis is very large, while 

in at least 3 it is small and undeveloped, with small and flabby testes. 

It seems probable that variations in these two directions are both common, 

but it is doubtful whether they possess as much significance as the 

tendency to infantilism of the sexual organs in inverted women seems to 

possess. Hirschfeld considers that the genital organs of inverts resemble 

those of normal people. He finds, however, that phimosis is rather 

common.[211] 

 

More significant, perhaps, than specifically genital peculiarities are the 

deviations found in the general conformation of the body.[212] In at 

least 2 cases there are well-developed breasts, in 1 the breasts swelling 

and becoming red.[213] In 1 case there are "menstrual" phenomena, physical 

and psychic, recurring every four weeks. In several cases the hips are 

broad and the arms rounded, while some are skillful in throwing a ball. 

One was born with a double squint. At least 2 were 7 months' children. In 

the previous chapter I have referred to the tendency to hypertrichosis and 

occasionally oligotrichosis among inverted women; among the men it is the 

latter condition which seems more common, and in several cases the bodies 

are hairless, or with but scanty hair. A few are left-handed, though not 

perhaps an abnormal proportion.[214] The sexual characters of the 

handwriting are in some cases clearly inverted, the men writing a feminine 

hand and the women a masculine hand.[215] A high feminine voice is 

sometimes found.[216] 

 

A marked characteristic of many inverts, though one not easy of precise 

definition, is their youthfulness of appearance, and frequently child-like 

faces, equally in both sexes. This has often been remarked,[217] and is 

pronounced among many of my subjects. 

 

The frequent inability of male inverts to whistle was first pointed out by 

Ulrichs, and Hirschfeld has found it in 23 per cent. Many of my cases 

confess to this inability, while some of the women inverts can whistle 

admirably. Although this inability of male inverts is only found among a 

minority, I am quite satisfied that it is well marked among a considerable 

minority. One of my correspondents, M.N., writes to me: "With regard to 

the general inability of inverts to whistle (I am not able to do so 

myself), their fondness for green (my favorite color), their feminine 

caligraphy, skill at female occupations, etc., these all seem to me but 

indications of the one principle. To go still farther and include trivial 

things, few inverts even smoke in the same manner and with the same 

enjoyment as a man; they have seldom the male facility at games, cannot 

throw at a mark with precision, or even spit!" 

 

Nearly all these peculiarities indicate a minor degree of nervous 

disturbance and lead to modification, as my correspondent points out, in a 

feminine direction. It is scarcely necessary to add that they by no means 

necessarily imply inversion. Shelley, for instance, was unable to whistle, 

though he never gave an indication of inversion; but he was a person of 

somewhat abnormal and feminine organization, and he illustrates the 

tendency of these apparently very insignificant functional anomalies to be 

correlated with other and more important psychic anomalies. 

 

The greater part of these various anatomical peculiarities and functional 

anomalies point, more or less clearly, to the prevalence among inverts of 

a tendency to infantilism, combined with feminism in men and masculinism 

in women.[218] This tendency is denied by Hirschfeld, but it is often 

well indicated among the subjects whose histories I have been able to 

present, and is indeed suggested by Hirschfeld's own elaborate results; so 

that it can scarcely be passed over. I regard it as highly significant, 

and it is in harmony with all that we are learning to know regarding the 

important part played by the internal secretions, alike in inversion and 

the general bodily modifications in an infantile, feminine, and masculine 

direction. 

 

If we are justified in believing that there is a tendency for inverted 


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