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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

born with an aptitude for such acquisition: an aptitude lacking in those 

who have been subjected to the same conditions without making the same 

acquisitions." 

 

[191] One of my subjects writes: "Inverts are, I think, naturally more 

liable to indulge in self-gratification than normal people, partly because 

of the perpetual suppression and disappointment of their desires, and also 

because of the fact that they actually possess in themselves the desired 

form of the male. This idea is a little difficult of explanation, but you 

can readily imagine to what frenzies of self-abuse a normal man would be 

impelled supposing that he included in his own the form of the female." 

 

[192] I do not here enter upon the consideration of the normal prevalence 

and significance of masturbation and allied phenomena, as I have dealt 

with this subject in the study of "Auto-erotism," in volume i of these 

_Studies_. 

 

[193] Hirschfeld also finds, among German inverts (_Die Homosexualitaet_, 

ch. iii), that the majority (though a smaller majority than I find in 

England and the United States) have not had intercourse with women; 53 per 

cent., he states, including a few married men, have never even attempted 

coitus, and over 50 per cent, are presumably impotent. The number of 

inverted women who have never had intercourse with men is still larger. 

 

[194] Otto Rank, _Imago_, Heft 3, 1913. 

 

[195] Erotic dreams have been discussed in "Auto-erotism," vol. i of these 

_Studies_, and the wider bearings of the subject in another work, _The 

Study of Dreams_. Many references to the extensive literature will be 

found in both these places. 

 

[196] E.g., _Archiv fuer Psychiatrie_, 1899; _Archiv fuer 

Kriminal-Anthropologie_, 1900. 

 

[197] Hirschfeld, _Die Homosexualitaet_, p. 71 et seq. Hirschfeld considers 

that the dreams of the inverted fall into two groups: one in which the 

dreamer imagines he is embracing a person of the same sex, and another in 

which he imagines that he is himself of the opposite sex. The latter class 

of dreams, constituting a pseudo-heterosexual group, seems to me to be 

rare, and they may, moreover, occur in heterosexual persons. 

 

[198] See Thoinot and Weysse, _Medico-legal Aspects of Moral Offenses_, 

pp. 165, 291, etc. 

 

[199] _Pedicatio_ (or _paedicatio_) is the most generally accepted 

technical term for the sodomitical intromission of the penis into the 

anus. It is usually derived from the Greek _pais_ (boy), but some 

authorities have derived it from _pedex_ or _podex_ (anus). The terms 

"paiderastia" and "pederast" are sometimes used to indicate the same act 

and agent. This use, however, is undesirable. It is best to confine the 

word "paiderastia" to its proper use as the name of the special 

institution of Greek boy love. It may be added that the Greeks themselves 

had many names (as many as 74) for paiderastia. See, on this subject of 

nomenclature, Iwan Bloch, _Der Ursprung der Syphilis_, vol. ii, pp. 527, 

563. 

 

[200] It is the grosser forms of perversion which are first revealed in 

every field. In the first edition of this Study the predominance of 

_pedicatio_ was still greater; it is not practised by any of the subjects 

of the Histories added to the present edition, though several see no 

objection to it. 

 

[201] _Jahrbuch fuer sexuelle Zwischenstufen_, vol. viii, 1906, p. 712. 

 

[202] Hirschfeld, _Die Homosexualitaet_, p. 276 et seq. 

 

[203] "Men," remarks Q., "tend to fall in love with boys or youths, boys 

or youths with grown men, feminine natures with virile natures and _vice 

versa_, and different races with each other." 

 

[204] Stubbes, in his _Anatomy of Abuses_, affirmed that "players and 

play-haunters in their secret conclaves play the Sodomites," and refers to 

some recent examples of men who had been desperately enamoured of 

player-boys thus clad in women's apparel, so far as to solicit them by 

words, by letters, even actually to abuse them. Later on, in 1633, Prynne, 

in his _Histrio-Mastix_ (part 1, p. 208 et seq.), strongly condemned "this 

putting on of woman's array" by actors on the same ground, and adds that 

he has heard credibly reported of a scholar of Balliol College that he was 

violently enamoured of a boy-player. In Japan, again where, as in China, 

woman's parts on the stage are taken by men (not always youths), the 


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