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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

homosexuality of these players became, during the seventeenth and 

eighteenth centuries, so notorious that they constituted a class requiring 

special regulation as Joro, or prostitutes. 

 

[205] This was remarked by even the earliest modern writers on 

homosexuality, like Hoessli. See Hirschfeld, "Vom Wesen der Liebe," 

_Jahrbuch fuer sexuelle Zwischenstufen_, vol. viii, 1906, p. 124 et seq. 

 

[206] Similarly Numa Praetorius asserts (_Jahrbuch fuer sexuelle 

Zwischenstufen_, vol. viii, p. 732) that even the most virile homosexual 

men exhibit feminine traits, and adds that we could scarcely expect it to 

be otherwise when we find how constantly homosexual women show masculine 

traits. 

 

[207] Naecke, "Die Diagnose der Homosexualitaet," _Neurologisches 

Centralblatt_, April 16, 1908. 

 

[208] So also among American boarding-school girls. Thus Margaret Otis 

(_Journal of Abnormal Psychology_, June, 1913) has described the 

attraction which negro girls exert on white girls at school. The 

correspondence of these lovers, and sometimes their method of sex 

gratification, may occasionally be of an even coarsely passionate nature. 

 

[209] See "Sexual Selection in Man," vol. iv of these _Studies_. 

 

[210] Hirschfeld (_Die Homosexualitaet_, p. 283) found that 55 per cent. of 

inverts are attracted to qualities unlike their own, and 45 per cent. to 

qualities resembling their own, without regard to whether these qualities 

belonged to the secondary sexual sphere. It may be added that as regards 

the age of the persons they are attracted to, Hirschfeld (p. 281) admits 

two main groups, each including about 45 per cent. of the homosexual; 

_ephebophils_, attracted to youths between 14 and 21, and _androphils_, 

attracted to adults in the prime of life. This division, as may be seen 

from the histories included in the present volume, seems to hold good of 

British and American inverts. 

 

[211] Hirschfeld, _Die Homosexualitaet_, ch. v. 

 

[212] Krafft-Ebing tells of an inverted physician (a man of masculine 

development and tastes) who had had sexual relations with 600 more or less 

inverted men. He observed no tendency to sexual malformation among them, 

but very frequently an approximation to a feminine form of body, as well 

as insufficient hair, delicate complexion, and high voice. Well-developed 

breasts were not rare, and some 10 per cent, showed a taste for feminine 

occupations. 

 

[213] A similar condition of gynecomasty has been observed in connection 

with inversion by Moll, Laurent, Wey, etc. Olano ("La Secrecion Mamaria en 

los Invertidos Sexuales," _Archivos de Criminologia_, May, 1902, p. 305) 

further observed a certain amount of mammary secretion in an inverted man, 

20 years of age, in Lima. 

 

[214] Hirschfeld finds. 7 per cent, inverts left-handed, and 6 per cent, 

partly so. Fliess attaches special importance to left-handedness in 

inversion, believing that in left-handed men feminine secondary sexual 

characters are marked, and in left-handed women masculine sexual character 

(_Der Ablauf des Lebens_, 1906). I am not prepared to deny this statement, 

but, more evidence is needed. 

 

[215] This point has been discussed by Hirschfeld, _Die Homosexualitaet_, 

pp. 156-8. 

 

[216] Bloch (_The Sexual Life of Our Time_, p. 500) attaches importance to 

this peculiarity, but it must be remembered that a high-pitched voice 

occurs frequently in undoubtedly heterosexual men in whom it seems often 

associated with high intellectual ability (Havelock Ellis, _A Study of 

British Genius_, p. 200). 

 

[217] See, e.g., Hirschfeld, _Die Homosexualitaet_, p. 151. 

 

[218] On the general signs of these conditions, see, e.g., H. Meige, 

"L'Infantilisme, Le Feminisme et les Hermaphrodites Antiques," 

_L'Anthropologie_. 1895; also Hastings Gilford, "Infantilism," _Lancet_, 

February 28 and March 7, 1914. 

 

[219] Merzbach has dealt with the tendency of inverts to adopt special 

professions: "Homosexualitaet und Beruf," _Jahrbuch fuer sexuelle 

Zwischenstufen_, vol. iv, 1902. 

 

[220] Moll's experience in Germany also reveals the prevalence of 

inversion among literary men, though, of all occupations, he found the 

highest proportion among actors. Jaeger has referred to the frequency of 


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