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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

an interesting attempt to classify the homosexual 

(_Internationale Zeitschrift fuer Aerztliche Psychoanalyse_, 

March, 1914), remarks: "Psychoanalytic investigation shows that 

under the name of homosexuality the most various psychic states 

are thrown together, on the one hand true constitutional 

anomalies (inversion, or subject homoeroticism), on the other 

hand psychoneurotic obsessional conditions (object homoeroticism, 

or obsessional homoeroticism). The individual of the first kind 

essentially feels himself a woman who wishes to be loved by a 

man, while the other represents a neurotic flight from women 

rather than sympathy to men." The constitutional basis is very 

definitely accepted by Rudolf Ortvay who points out 

(_Internationale Zeitschrift fuer Aerztliche Psychoanalyse_, Jan., 

1914) that the biological doctrine of recessives and dominants in 

heredity helps to make clear the emergence or suppression of 

homosexuality on a bisexual disposition. "Infantile events," he 

adds, "which, according to Freud, decide the sexual relations of 

adults, can only exert their operation on the foundation of an 

organic predisposition, infantile impressions being determined by 

hereditary predisposition." Isador Coriat, on the other hand, 

while recognizing two forms of inversion, incomplete and 

complete, boldly asserts that it is never congenital and never 

transmitted through heredity; it is always "originated through a 

definite unconscious mechanism" (Coriat, "Homosexuality," _New 

York Medical Journal_, March 22, 1913). Adler's view of 

homosexuality, as of other allied conditions, differs from that 

of most psychoanalysts by insisting on the presence of an 

original organic defect which the subject seeks to fortify into a 

point of strength; he accepts two chief components of inversion: 

a vagueness as to sexual differences and a process of 

self-assurance in the form of rebellion and defiance, and even 

the feminism of the invert may become a method of gaining power 

(A. Adler, _Ueber den Neuroesen Charakter_, 1912, p. 21). 

 

The mechanism of the genesis of homosexuality put forward by Freud need 

not be dismissed offhand. Freud has often manifested the insight of 

genius, and he refrains from molding his conceptions in those inflexible 

shapes which have sometimes been adopted by the more dogmatic 

psychoanalysts who have followed him. Nor need we be unduly shocked by the 

"incestuous" air of the "Oedipus Complex,"[226] as it is commonly called, 

which figures as a component of the process. The word "incest," though it 

has been used by Freud himself, seems scarcely a proper word to apply to 

the vague and elementary feelings of children, especially when those 

feelings scarcely pass beyond a stage of non-localized and therefore 

really presexual feelings (in the ordinary use of the term "sexual") which 

may be regarded as natural and normal. The Freudian conception is 

misrepresented and prejudiced by the statement that it involves 

"incest."[227] When a child loves its mother with an entire love, that 

love necessarily involves the germs which in later life become separated 

and developed into sexual love, but it is inaccurate to term this love of 

the child "incestuous." It is quite easily conceivable that the psychic 

mechanism of the establishment of homosexuality has in some cases 

corresponded to the course described by Freud. It may also be admitted 

that, as psychoanalysts claim, the pronounced _horror feminae_ occasionally 

found in male inverts may plausibly be regarded as the reversal of an 

early and disappointed feminine attraction. But it is impossible to regard 

this mechanism as invariable or even frequent. It is quite true, and I 

have found ample evidence of the fact, that inverts are often very closely 

attached to their mothers, even to a greater degree, indeed, than is the 

rule among normal children, and often like to be in constant association 

with their mothers. But this attraction is quite misunderstood if it is 

regarded as a peculiarly sexual attraction. Indeed, the whole point of the 

attraction is that the inverted boy vaguely feels his own feminine 


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