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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

disposition and so shuns the uncongenial amusements and society of his own 

sex for the sympathy and community of tastes which he finds concentrated 

in his mother. So far from such association being evidence of sexual 

attraction it might more reasonably be regarded as evidence of its 

absence; just as the association of boys among themselves, and of girls 

among themselves, even in co-educational schools, is proof of the 

prevalence of heterosexual rather than of homosexual feeling. Confirmation 

of this point of view may be found in the fact--overlooked and sometimes 

even denied by psychoanalysts--that frequently, even in early childhood 

and simultaneously with this community of feeling with his mother, the 

homosexual boy is already experiencing the predominant fascination of the 

male. He feels it long before the age at which Narcissism is apt to occur, 

or at which self-consciousness has become sufficiently developed to allow 

the internal censure on unpermitted emotions to operate, or any flight 

from them to take place. Moreover, while most authorities have rarely been 

able to find any clear evidence of the sexual attraction of male inverts 

in childhood to mother or sister,[228] an attraction of this kind to 

father or brother seems less difficult to find, and if found it is 

incompatible with the typical Freudian process. In my own observation, 

among the Histories here recorded, there are at least two clear examples 

of such an attraction in childhood. It must further be said that any 

theory of the etiology of homosexuality which leaves out of account the 

hereditary factor in inversion cannot be admitted. The evidence for the 

frequency of homosexuality among the near relatives of the inverted is now 

indisputable. I have traced it in a considerable proportion of cases, and 

in many of these the evidence is unquestionable and altogether independent 

of the statement of the subject himself, whose opinion may be held to be 

possibly biased or unreliable.[229] This hereditary factor seems indeed to 

be called for by the Freudian theory itself. On that theory we need to 

know how it is that the subject passes through psychic phases, and reaches 

an emotional disposition, so unlike that of normal persona. The existence 

of a definite hereditary tendency in a homosexual direction removes that 

difficulty. Freud himself recognizes this and clearly asserts congenital 

psycho-sexual constitution, which must involve predisposition. On a 

general survey, therefore, it would appear that, on the psychic side, we 

may accept the reality of unconscious dynamic processes which in 

particular cases may be of the Freudian or similar type. But while the 

study of such mechanisms may illuminate the psychology of homosexuality, 

they leave untouched the fundamental organic factors now accepted by most 

authorities.[230] 

 

The rational way of regarding the normal sexual instinct is as an inborn 

organic impulse, reaching full development about the time of puberty.[231] 

During the period of development suggestion and association may come in to 

play a part in defining the object of the emotion; the soil is now ready, 

but the variety of seeds likely to thrive in it is limited. That there is 

a greater indefiniteness in the aim of the sexual impulse at this period 

we may well believe. This is shown not only by occasional tentative signs 

of sexual emotion directed toward the same sex in childhood, but by the 

frequently ideal and unlocalized character of the normal passion even at 

puberty. But the channel of sexual emotion is not thereby turned into an 

abnormal path. Whenever this happens we are bound to believe--and we have 

many grounds for believing--that we are dealing with an organism which 

from the beginning is abnormal. The same seed of suggestion is sown in 

various soils; in the many it dies out; in the few it flourishes. The 

cause can only be a difference in the soil. 

 

 

 

If, then, we must postulate a congenital abnormality in order to account 

satisfactorily for at least a large proportion of sexual inverts, wherein 

does that abnormality consist? Ulrichs explained the matter by saying that 

in sexual inverts a male body coexists with a female soul: _anima 

muliebris in corpore virile inclusa_. Even writers of scientific eminence, 


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