Main  Contacts  
Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

gratification--could by itself produce a taste for homosexuality is highly 

improbable; in individuals not already predisposed it is far more likely 

to produce disgust, as it did in the case of the youthful Rousseau. "He 

only can be seduced," as Moll puts it, "who is capable of being seduced." 

No doubt it frequently happens in these, as so often in more normal 

"seductions," that the victim has offered a voluntary or involuntary 

invitation. 

 

Another exciting cause of inversion, to which little importance is usually 

attached, but which I find to have some weight, is disappointment in 

normal love. It happens that a man in whom the homosexual instinct is yet 

only latent, or at all events held in a state of repression, tries to form 

a relationship with a woman. This relationship may be ardent on one or 

both sides, but--often, doubtless, from the latent homosexuality of the 

lover--it comes to nothing. Such love-disappointments, in a more or less 

acute form, occur at some time or another to nearly everyone. But in these 

persons the disappointment with one woman constitutes motive strong enough 

to disgust the lover with the whole sex and to turn his attention toward 

his own sex. It is evident that the instinct which can thus be turned 

round can scarcely be strong, and it seems probable that in some of these 

cases the episode of normal love simply serves to bring home to the invert 

the fact that he is not made for normal love. In other cases, it 

seems,--especially those that are somewhat feeble-minded and 

unbalanced,--a love-disappointment really does poison the normal instinct, 

and a more or less impotent love for women becomes an equally impotent 

love for men. The prevalence of homosexuality among prostitutes may be, to 

a large extent, explained by a similar and better-founded disgust with 

normal sexuality.[242] 

 

These three influences, therefore,--example at school, seduction, 

disappointment in normal love,--all of them drawing the subject away from 

the opposite sex and concentrating him on his own sex, are exciting causes 

of inversion; but they require a favorable organic predisposition to act 

on, while there are a large number of cases in which no exciting cause at 

all can be found, but in which, from earliest childhood, the subject's 

interest seems to be turned on his own sex, and continues to be so turned 

throughout life. 

 

At this point I conclude the analysis of the psychology of sexual 

inversion as it presents itself to me. I have sought only to bring out the 

more salient points, neglecting minor points, neglecting also those groups 

of inverts who may be regarded as of secondary importance. The average 

invert, moving in ordinary society, is a person of average general health, 

though very frequently with hereditary relationships that are markedly 

neurotic. He is usually the subject of a congenital predisposing 

abnormality, or complexus of minor abnormalities, making it difficult or 

impossible for him to feel sexual attraction to the opposite sex, and easy 

to feel sexual attraction to his own sex. This abnormality either appears 

spontaneously from the first, by development or arrest of development, or 

it is called into activity by some accidental circumstance. 

 

 

 

FOOTNOTES: 

 

[225] See _passim, Jahrbuch fuer Psychoanalytische Forschungen, 

Zentralblatt fuer Psychoanalyse_, and _Internationale Zeitschrift fuer 

Aerztliche Psychoanalyse_; also Sadger, "Zur Aetiologie der Kontraeren 

Sexualempfindung," _Medizinische Klinik_, 1909, No. 2. 

 

[226] For an exposition of this by an able English representative of 

Freudian doctrines, see Ernest Jones, "The Oedipus Complex As An 

Explanation of Hamlet's Mystery," _American Journal of Psychology_, 

January, 1910. 

 

[227] The love of relations may be tinctured by all degrees of sexual 

love, some of which are so faint and vague that they cannot be considered 

unnatural or abnormal; it is misleading to term them incestuous. The 

Russian novelist, Artzibascheff, in his _Sanine_ described a brother's 

affection for his sister as thus touched with a perception of her sexual 

charm (I refer to the French translation), and the book has consequently 

been much abused as "incestuous," though the attitude described is very 


Page 3 from 5:  Back   1   2  [3]  4   5   Forward