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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

pale and conventional compared to the romantic passion sung in Shelley's 

_Laon and Cythna_, or the tragic exaltation of the same passion in Ford's 

great play, "_'Tis Pity She's a Whore_." 

 

[228] Thus Numa Praetorius, a sagacious observer with, a very wide and 

thorough knowledge of homosexuality, finds himself quite unable to accept 

the "Oedipus Complex" explanation of inversion (_Jahrbuch fuer sexuelle 

Zwischenstufen_, July, 1914, p. 362). 

 

[229] It cannot be maintained that the frequency of inversion among the 

near relatives of inverts is a chance coincidence, for it must be 

remembered that few estimates of the prevalence of inversion yield a 

higher proportion than 3 per cent. 

 

[230] See also a discussion of the Freudian view by Hirschfeld, who 

concludes (_Die Homosexualitaet_, p. 344) that we can only accept the 

Freudian mechanism as rare, and in all cases subordinate to organic 

predisposition. 

 

[231] It has been denied by some (Meynert, Naecke, etc.) that there is any 

sexual _instinct_ at all. I may as well, therefore, explain in what sense 

I use the word. (See also "Analysis of the Sexual Impulse" in vol. iii of 

these _Studies_.) I mean an inherited aptitude the performance of which 

normally demands for its full satisfaction the presence of a person of the 

opposite sex. It might be asserted that there is no such thing as an 

instinct for food, that it is all imitation, etc. In a sense this is true, 

but the automatic basis remains. A chicken from an incubator needs no hen 

to teach it to eat. It seems to discover eating and drinking, as it were, 

by chance, at first eating awkwardly and eating everything, until it 

learns what will best satisfy its organic mechanism. There is no instinct 

for food, it may be, but there is an instinct which is only satisfied by 

food. It is the same with the "sexual instinct." The tentative and 

omnivorous habits of the newly hatched chicken may be compared to the 

uncertainty of the sexual instinct at puberty, while the sexual pervert is 

like a chicken that should carry on into adult age an appetite for worsted 

and paper. It may be added here that the question of the hereditary nature 

of the sexual instinct has been exhaustively discussed and decisively 

affirmed by Moll in his _Untersuchungen ueber die Libido Sexualis_, 1898. 

Moll attaches importance to the inheritance of the normal aptitudes for 

sexual reaction in an abnormally weak degree as a factor in the 

development of sexual perversions. 

 

[232] This view was revived in a modified form by Naecke (_Zeitschrift fuer 

die gesamte Neurologie und Psychiatrie_, vol. xv, Heft 5, 1913), who 

supposed that there may be an anatomical "homosexual center" in the brain; 

i.e., a feminine libido-center in the inverted man, and a masculine 

libido-center in the inverted woman. He expressed a hope that in the 

future the brains of inverted persons would be more carefully 

investigated. 

 

[233] I do not present this view as more than a picture which helps us to 

realize the actual phenomena which we witness in homosexuality, although I 

may add that so able a teratologist as Dr. J.W. Ballantyne considers that 

"it seems a very possible theory." 

 

[234] This explanation of homosexuality has already been tentatively put 

forth. Thus, Iwan Bloch (_Sexual Life of Our Time_, ch. xix, Appendix) 

vaguely suggests a new theory of homosexuality as dependent on chemical 

influences. Hirschfeld also believes (_Die Homosexualitaet_, ch. xx) that 

the study of the internal secretions is the path to the deepest 

foundations of inversion. 

 

[235] A.E. Garrod, "The Thymus Gland in its Clinical Aspects," _British 

Medical Journal_, Oct. 3, 1914 

 

[236] "The pure female and the pure male are produced by all the internal 

secretions," Blair Bell, "The Internal Secretions," _British Medical 

Journal_, Nov. 15, 1913. 

 

[237] After this chapter was first published (in the _Centralblatt fuer 

Nervenheilkunde_, February, 1896), Fere also compared congenital inversion 

to color-blindness and similar anomalies (Fere, "La Descendance d'un 

Inverti," _Revue Generale de Clinique et Therapeutique_, 1896), while 

Ribot referred to the analogy with color-hearing (_Psychology of the 

Emotions_, part ii, ch. vii). 


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