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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

 

[238] See, e.g., Flournoy, _Des Phenomenes de Synopsie_, Geneva, 1893; and 

for a brief discussion of the general phenomena of synesthesia, E. Parish, 

_Hallucinations and Illusions (Contemporary Science Series_), chapter vii; 

Bleuler, article "Secondary Sensations," in Tuke's _Dictionary of 

Psychological Medicine_; and Havelock Ellis, _Man and Woman_, 5th ed., 

1915, pp. 181-4. 

 

[239] Magnan has in recent years reaffirmed this view ("Inversion Sexuelle 

et Pathologic Mentale," _Revue de Psychotherapie_, March, 1914): "The 

invert is a diseased person, a degenerate." 

 

[240] It is this fact which has caused the Italians to be shy of using the 

word "degeneration;" thus, Marro, in his great work, _I Caratteri del 

Delinquenti_, made a notable attempt to analyze the phenomena lumped 

together as degenerate into three groups: atypical, atavistic, and morbid. 

 

[241] Hirschfeld and Burchard among 200 inverts found pronounced stigmata 

of degeneration in only 16 per cent. (Hirschfeld, _Die Homosexualitaet_, 

ch. xx.) 

 

[242] Alcohol has sometimes been considered an important exciting cause of 

homosexuality, and alcoholism is certainly not uncommon in the heredity of 

inverts; according to Hirschfeld (_Die Homosexualitaet_, p. 386) it is well 

marked in one of the parents in over 21 per cent, of cases. But it 

probably has no more influence as an exciting cause in the individual 

homosexual person than in the individual heterosexual person. From the 

Freudian standpoint, indeed, Abraham believes (_Zeitschrift fuer 

Sexualwissenschaft_, Heft 8, 1908) that even in normal persons alcohol 

removes the inhibition from a latent homosexuality, and Juliusburger from 

the same standpoint (_Zentralblatt fuer Psychoanalyse_, Heft 10 and 11, 

1912) thinks that the alcoholic tendency is unconsciously aroused by the 

homosexual impulse in order to reach its own gratification. But we may 

accept Naecke's conclusions (_Allgemeine Zeitschrift fuer Psychiatrie_, 

vol. lxviii, 1911, p. 852), that (1) alcohol cannot produce 

homosexuality in persons not predisposed, that (2) it may arouse it in 

those who are predisposed, that (3) the action of alcohol is the same 

on the homosexual as the heterosexual, and that (4) alcoholism is not 

common among inverts. 

 


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