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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

children.[248] It is a method of treatment which seems to have found few 

imitators. This we need not regret. The histories I have recorded in 

previous chapters show that it is not uncommon for even a pronounced 

invert to be able sometimes to effect coitus. It often becomes easy if at 

the time he fixes his thoughts on images connected with his own sex. But 

the perversion remains unaffected; the subject is merely (as one of Moll's 

inverts expressed it) practising masturbation _per vaginam_. Such 

treatment is a training in vice, and, as Raffalovich points out, the 

invert is simply perverted and brought down to the vicious level which 

necessarily accompanies perversity.[249] 

 

There can be no doubt that in slight and superficial cases of 

homosexuality, suggestion may really exert an influence. We can scarcely 

expect it to exert such influence when the homosexual tendency is deeply 

rooted in an organic inborn temperament. In such cases indeed the subject 

may resist suggestion even when in the hypnotic state. This is pointed out 

by Moll, a great authority on hypnotism, and with much experience of its 

application to homosexuality, but never inclined to encourage an 

exaggerated notion of its efficacy in this field. Forel, who was also an 

authority on hypnotism, was equally doubtful as to its value in relation 

to inversion, especially in clearly inborn cases. Krafft-Ebing at the end 

said little about it, and Naecke (who was himself without faith in this 

method of treating inversion) stated that he had been informed by the 

last homosexual case treated by Krafft-Ebing by hypnotism that, in spite 

of all good-will on the patient's side, the treatment had been quite 

useless. Fere, also, had no belief in the efficacy of suggestive 

treatment, nor has Merzbach, nor Rohleder. Numa Praetorius states that the 

homosexual subjects he is acquainted with, who had been so treated, were 

not cured, and Hirschfeld remarks that the inverts "cured" by hypnotism 

were either not cured or not inverted.[250] 

 

Moll has shown his doubt as to the wide applicability of suggestive 

therapeutics in homosexuality by developing in recent years what he terms 

association-therapy. In nearly all perverse individuals, he points out, 

there is a bridge,--more or less weak, no doubt,--which leads to the 

normal sexual life. By developing such links of association with 

normality, Moll believes, it may be possible to exert a healing influence 

on the homosexual. Thus a man who is attracted to boys may be brought to 

love a boyish woman.[251] Indications of this kind have long been observed 

and utilized, though not developed into a systematic method of treatment. 

In the case of bisexual individuals, or of youthful subjects whose 

homosexuality is not fully developed, it is probable that this method is 

beneficial. It is difficult to believe, however, that it possesses any 

marked influence on pronounced and developed cases of inversion.[252] 

 

Somewhat the same aim as Moll's association-therapy, though on the basis 

of a more elaborate theory, is sought by Freud's psychoanalytic method of 

treating homosexuality. For the psychoanalytic theory (to which reference 

was made in the previous chapter) the congenital element of inversion is a 

rare and usually unimportant factor; the chief part is played by perverse 

psychic mechanisms. It is the business of psychoanalysis to straighten 

these out, and from the bisexual constitution, which is regarded as common 

to every one, to bring into the foreground the heterosexual elements, and 

so to reconstruct a normal personality, developing new sexual ideals from 

the patient's own latent and subconscious nature. Sadger has especially 

occupied himself with the psychoanalytic treatment of homosexuality and 

claims many successes.[253] Sadger admits that there are many limits to 

the success of this treatment, and that it cannot affect the inborn 

factors of homosexuality when present. Other psychoanalysts are less 

sanguine as to the cure of inversion. Stekel appears to have stated that 

he has never seen a complete cure by psychoanalysis, and Ferenezi is not 

able to give a good account of the results; especially as regards what he 

terms obsessional homosexuality, he states that he has never succeeded in 


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