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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

 

It is by some such method of self-treatment as this that most of the more 

highly intelligent men and women whose histories I have already briefly 

recorded have at last slowly and instinctively reached a condition of 

relative health and peace, both physical and moral. The method of 

self-restraint and self-culture, without self-repression, seems to be the 

most rational method of dealing with sexual inversion when that condition 

is really organic and deeply rooted. It is better that a man should be 

enabled to make the best of his own strong natural instincts, with all 

their disadvantages, than that he should be unsexed and perverted, crushed 

into a position which he has no natural aptitude to occupy. As both 

Raffalovich and Fere have insisted, it is the ideal of chastity, rather 

than of normal sexuality, which the congenital invert should hold before 

his eyes. He may not have in him the making of _l'homme moyen sensuel_; he 

may have in him the making of a saint.[263] What good work in the world 

the inverted may do is shown by the historical examples of distinguished 

inverts; and, while it is certainly true that these considerations apply 

chiefly to the finer-grained natures, the histories I have brought 

together suffice to show that such natures constitute a considerable 

proportion of inverts. The helplessly gross sexual appetite cannot thus be 

influenced; but that remains true whether the appetite is homosexual or 

heterosexual, and nothing is gained by enabling it to feed on women as 

well as on men. 

 

A strictly ascetic life, it needs scarcely be said, is with difficulty 

possible for all persons, either homosexual or heterosexual. It is, 

however, outside the province of the physician to recommend his inverted 

patients to live according to their homosexual impulses, even when those 

impulses seem to be natural to the person displaying them. The most that 

the physician is entitled to do, it seems to me, is to present the 

situation clearly, and leave to the patient a decision for which he must 

himself accept the responsibility. Forel goes so far as to say that he 

sees no reason why inverts should not build cities of their own and marry 

each other if they so please, since they can do no harm to normal adults, 

while children can be protected from them.[264] Such notions are, however, 

too far removed from our existing social conventions to be worth serious 

consideration. 

 

The standpoint here taken up, it may be remarked, by no means 

denies to the invert a right to the fulfillment of his impulses. 

Numa Praetorius remarks, it would seem justly, that while the 

invert must properly be warned against unnatural sexual license, 

and while those who are capable of continence do well to preserve 

it, to deny all right to sexual activity to the invert merely 

causes those inverts who are incapable of self-control to throw 

recklessly aside all restraints (_Zeitschrift fuer sexuelle 

Zwischenstufen_, vol. viii, 1906, p. 726). The invert has the 

right to sexual indulgence, it may be, but he has also the duty 

to accept the full responsibility for his own actions, and the 

necessity to recognize the present attitude of the society he 

lives in. He cannot be advised to set himself in violent 

opposition to that society. 

 

The world will not be a tolerable place for pronounced inverts 

until they are better understood, and that will involve a radical 

change in general and even medical opinion. An inverted 

physician, of high character and successful in his profession, 

writes to me on this point: "The first, and easiest, thing to do, 

it seems to me, is to convince the medical profession that we 

unfortunate people are not only as sane, but as moral, as our 

normal brothers; and that we are even more alive to the supreme 

necessity of self-control (necessary from every point of view) 

than they. It is not license we want, but justice; it is the 

cruelty and prejudice of convention which we wish to abolish--not 

the proper and just indignation of society with crimes against 

the social order. We want to make it possible for us to satisfy 

our inborn instincts (which are not concerned essentially with 


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