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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

II. 

 

That the phenomena described in minute detail by Obici and Marchesini 

closely resemble the phenomena as they exist in English girls' schools is 

indicated by the following communication, for which I am indebted to a 

lady who is familiar with an English girls' college of very modern type:-- 

 

"From inquiries made in various quarters and through personal observation 

and experience I have come to the conclusion that the romantic and 

emotional attachments formed by girls for their female friends and 

companions, attachments which take a great hold of their minds for the 

time being, are far commoner than is generally supposed among English 

girls, more especially at school or college, or wherever a number of girls 

or young women live together in one institution, and are much secluded. 

 

"As far as I have been able to find out, these attachments--which have 

their own local names, e.g., 'raves,' 'spoons,' etc.--are comparatively 

rare in the smaller private schools, and totally absent among girls of the 

poorer class attending Board and National schools, perhaps because they 

mix more freely with the opposite sex. 

 

"I can say from personal experience that in one of the largest and best 

English colleges, where I spent some years, 'raving' is especially common 

in spite of arrangements which one would have thought would have abolished 

most unhealthy feelings. The arrangements there are very similar to a 

large boys' college. There are numerous boarding-houses, which have, on an 

average, forty to fifty students. Each house is under the management of a 

well-educated house-mistress assisted by house-governesses (quite separate 

from college-teachers). Each house has a large garden with tennis-courts, 

etc.; and cricket, hockey, and other games are carried on to a large 

extent, games being not only much encouraged, but much enjoyed. Each girl 

has a separate cubicle, or bedroom, and no junior (under 17 years of age) 

is allowed to enter the cubicle, or bedroom, of another without asking 

permission, or to go to the bedrooms during the day. In fact, everything 

is done to discourage any morbid feelings. But all the same, as far as my 

experience goes, the friendships there seem more violent and more 

emotional than in most places, and sex subjects form one of the chief 

topics of conversation. 

 

"In such large schools and colleges these 'raves' are not only numerous, 

but seem to be perennial among the girls of all ages, from 13 years 

upward. Girls under that age may be fond of some other student or teacher, 

but in quite a different way. These 'raves' are not mere friendships in 

the ordinary sense of the word, nor are they incompatible with ordinary 

friendships. A girl with a 'rave' often has several intimate friends for 

whom affection is felt without the emotional feelings and pleasurable 

excitement which characterize a 'rave.' 

 

"From what I have been told by those who have experienced these 'raves' 

and have since been in love with men, the emotions called forth in both 

cases were similar, although in the case of the 'rave' this fact was not 

recognized at the time. This appears to point to a sexual basis, but, on 

the other hand, there are many cases where the feeling seems to be more 

spiritual, a sort of uplifting of the whole soul with an intense desire to 

lead a very good life--the feeling being one of reverence more than 

anything else for the loved one, with no desire to become too intimate and 

no desire for physical contact. 

 

"'Raves,' as a rule, begin quite suddenly. They may be mutual or all on 

one side. In the case of school-girls the mutual 'rave' is generally found 

between two companions, or the girls may have a 'rave' for one of their 

teachers or some grown-up acquaintance, who does not necessarily enter 

into the school-life. In this case there may or may not be a feeling of 

affection for the girl by her 'rave,' though minus all the emotional 

feelings. 

 

"Occasionally a senior student will have a 'rave' on a little girl, but 

these cases are rare and not very active in their symptoms, girls over 18 

having fewer 'raves' and generally condemning them. 

 

"In the large school already referred to, of which I have personal 

knowledge, 'raving' was very general, hardly anyone being free from it. 


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