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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

 

Concerning the wide prevalence of sexual inversion and of homosexual 

phenomena generally, there can be no manner of doubt. This question has 

been most fully investigated in Germany. In Berlin, Moll states that he 

has himself seen between 600 and 700 homosexual persons and heard of some 

250 to 350 others. Hirschfeld states that he has known over 10,000 

homosexual persons. 

 

There are, I am informed, several large cafes in Berlin which are almost 

exclusively patronized by inverts who come here to flirt and make 

acquaintances; as these cafes are frequented by male street prostitutes 

(Pupenjunge) the invert risks being blackmailed or robbed if he goes home 

or to a hotel with a cafe acquaintance. There are also a considerable 

number of homosexual _Kneipen_, small and unpretentious bar-rooms, which 

are really male brothels, the inmates being sexually normal working men 

and boys, out of employment or in quest of a few marks as pocket money; 

these places are regarded by inverts as very safe, as the proprietors 

insist on good order and allow no extortion, while the police, though of 

course aware of their existence, never interfere. Homosexual cafes for 

women are also found in Berlin. 

 

There is some reason for believing that homosexuality is especially 

prominent in Germany and among Germans. I have elsewhere referred to the 

highly emotional and sentimental traits which have frequently marked 

German friendships. Germany is the only country in which there is a 

definite and well-supported movement for the defense and social 

rehabilitation of inverts. The study of sexual inversion began in Germany, 

and the scientific and literary publications dealing with homosexuality 

issued from the German press probably surpass in quantity and importance 

those issued from all other countries put together. The homosexual 

tendencies of Germans outside Germany have been noted in various 

countries. Among my English cases I have found that a strain of German 

blood occurs much more frequently than we are entitled to expect; Parisian 

prostitutes are said to be aware of the homosexual tastes of Germans; it 

is significant that (as a German invert familiar with Turkey informed 

Naecke), at Constantinople, the procurers, who naturally supply girls as 

well as youths, regard Germans and Austrians as more tending to 

homosexuality than the foreigners from any other land. Germans usually 

deny, however, that there is any special German proclivity to inversion, 

and it would not appear that such statistics as are available (though all 

such statistics cannot be regarded as more than approximations) show any 

pronounced predominance of inversion among Germans. It is to Hirschfeld 

that we owe the chief attempt to gain some notion of the percentage of 

homosexual persons among the general population.[104] It may be said to 

vary in different regions and more especially in different occupations, 

from 1 to 10 per cent. But the average when the individuals belonging to a 

large number of groups are combined is generally found to be rather over 2 

per cent. So that there are about a million and a half inverted persons in 

Germany.[105] This would be a minimum which can scarcely fail to be below 

the actual proportion, as no one can be certain that he is acquainted with 

the real proclivities of all the persons comprising a larger group of 

acquaintances.[106] It is not found in the estimates which have reached 

Hirschfeld that the French groups show a smaller proportion of homosexual 

persons than the German groups, and a Japanese group comes out near to 

the general average for the whole. Various authorities, especially 

Germans, believe that homosexuality is just as common in France as in 

Germany.[107] Saint-Paul ("Dr. Laupts"), on the other hand, is unable to 

accept this view. As an army surgeon who has long served in Africa he can 

(as also Rebierre in his _Joyeux et demifous_) bear witness to the 

frequency of homosexuality among the African battalions of the French 

army, especially in the cavalry, less so in the infantry; in the French 

army generally he finds it rare, as also in the general population.[108] 

Naecke is also inclined to believe that homosexuality is rarer in Celtic 

lands, and in the Latin countries generally, than in Teutonic and Slavonic 


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