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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

FOOTNOTES: 

 

[1] Taking all its forms _en bloc_, as they are known to the police, 

homosexuality is seen to possess formidable proportions. Thus in France, 

from official papers which passed through M. Carlier's bureau during ten 

years (1860-70), he compiled a list of 6342 pederasts who came within the 

cognizance of the police; 2049 Parisians, 3709 provincials, and 584 

foreigners. Of these, 3432, or more than the half, could not be convicted 

of illegal acts. 

 

[2] The chief general collection of data (not here drawn upon) concerning 

homosexuality among animals is by the zooelogist Prof. Karsch, "Paederastie 

und Tribadie bei den Tieren," _Jahrbuch fuer sexuelle Zwischenstufen_, vol. 

ii. Brehm's _Tierleben_ also contains many examples. See also a short 

chapter (ch. xxix) in Hirschfeld's _Homosexualitaet_. 

 

[3] H. Sainte-Claire Deville, "De l'Internat et son influence sur 

l'education de la jeunesse," a paper read to the Academie des Sciences 

Morales et Politiques, July 27, 1871, and quoted by Chevalier, 

_L'Inversion Sexuelle_, pp. 204-5. 

 

[4] M. Bombarda, _Comptes rendus Congres Internationale de l'Anthropologie 

Criminelle_, Amsterdam, p. 212. 

 

[5] Lacassagne, "De la Criminalite chez les Animaux," _Revue 

Scientifique_, 1882. 

 

[6] Steinach, "Utersuchungen zu vergleichende Physiologie," _Archiv fuer 

die Gesammte Physiologie_, Bd. lvi, 1894, p. 320. 

 

[7] Fere, _Comptes-rendus Societe de Biologie_, July 30, 1898. We may 

perhaps connect this with an observation of E. Selous (_Zooelogist_, May 

and Sept., 1901) on a bird, the Great Crested Grebe; after pairing, the 

male would crouch to the female, who played his part to him; the same 

thing is found among pigeons. Selous suggests that this is a relic of 

primitive hermaphroditism. But it may be remembered that in the male 

generally sexual intercourse tends to be more exhausting than in the 

female; this fact would favor a reversion of their respective parts. 

 

[8] E. Selous, "Sexual Selection in Birds," _Zooelogist_, Feb., 1907, p. 

65; ib., May, p. 169. Sexual aberrations generally are not uncommon among 

birds; see, e.g., A. Heim, "Sexuelle Verirrungen bei Voegeln in den 

Tropen," _Sexual-Probleme_, April, 1913. 

 

[9] See Moll, _Untersuchungen ueber die Libido Sexualis_, 1898, Bd. i, pp. 

369, 374-5. For a summary of facts concerning homosexuality in animals see 

F. Karsch, "Paederastie und Tribadie bei den Tieren auf Grund der 

Literatur," _Jahrbuch fuer sexuelle Zwischenstufen_, Bd. ii, 1899, pp. 

126-154 

 

[10] Muccioli, "Degenerazione e Criminalita nei Colombi," _Archivio di 

Psichiatria_, 1893, p. 40. 

 

[11] _L'Intermediare des Biologistes_, November 20, 1897. 

 

[12] R.I. Pocock, _Field_, 25 Oct., 1913. 

 

[13] R.S. Rutherford, "Crowing Hens," _Poultry_, January 26, 1896. 

 

[14] This has now been very thoroughly done by Prof. F. Karsch-Haack in a 

large book, _Das Gleichgeschlechtliche Leben der Naturvoelker_, 1911. An 

earlier and shorter study by the same author was published in the 

_Jahrbuch fuer sexuelle Zwischenstufen_, Bd. iii, 1901. 

 

[15] See a brief and rather inconclusive treatment of the question by 

Bruns Meissner, "Assyriologische Studien," iv, _Mitteilungen der 

Vorderasiatischen Gesellschaft_, 1907. 

 

[16] _Monatshefte fuer praktische Dermatologie_, Bd. xxix, 1899, p. 409. 

 

[17] Hirschfeld, _Die Homosexualitaet_, p. 739. 

 

[18] Beardmore also notes that sodomy is "regularly indulged in" in New 

Guinea on this account. (_Journal of the Anthropological Institute_, May, 

1890, p. 464.) 

 

[19] I have been told by medical men in India that it is specially common 

among the Sikhs, the finest soldier-race in India. 

 

[20] Foley, _Bulletin Societe d'Anthropologie de Paris_, October 9, 1879. 

 

[21] See, e.g., O. Kiefer, "Plato's Stellung zu Homosexualitaet," _Jahrbuch 

fuer sexuelle Zwischenstufen_, vol. vii. 

 

[22] Bethe, op. cit., p. 440. In old Japan (before the revolution of 1868) 

also, however, according to F.S. Krauss (_Das Geschlechtsleben der 

Japaner_, ch. xiii, 1911), the homosexual relations between knights and 

their pages resembled those of ancient Greece. 

 

[23] _Archiv fuer Kriminal-Anthropologie_, 1906, p. 106. 

 

[24] _Zeitschrift fuer Sexualwissenschaft_, 1914, Heft 2, p. 73. 

 

[25] Among the Sarts of Turkestan a class of well-trained and educated 


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