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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

homosexual prostitutes, resembling those found in China and many regions 

of northern Asia, bearing also the same name of _batsha_, are said to be 

especially common because fostered by the scarcity of women through 

polygamy and by the women's ignorance and coarseness. The institution of 

the _batsha_ is supposed to have come to Turkestan from Persia. (Herman, 

"Die Paederastie bei den Sarten," _Sexual-Probleme_, June, 1911.) This 

would seem to suggest that Persia may have been a general center of 

diffusions of this kind of refined homosexuality in northern Asia. 

 

[26] Morache, art. "Chine," _Dictionnaire Encyclopedique des Sciences 

Medicales_; Matignon, "La Pederastie en Chine," _Archives d'Anthropologie 

Criminelle_, Jan., 1899; Von der Choven, summarized in _Archives de 

Neurologie_, March, 1907; Scie-Ton-Fa, "L'Homosexualite en Chine," _Revue 

de l'Hypnotisme_, April, 1909. 

 

[27] _Moeurs des Peuples de l'Inde_, 1825, vol. i, part ii, ch. xii. In 

Lahore and Lucknow, as quoted by Burton, Daville describes "men dressed as 

women, with flowing locks under crowns of flowers, imitating the feminine 

walk and gestures, voice and fashion of speech, ogling their admirer with 

all the coquetry of bayaderes." 

 

[28] _Voyages and Travels_, 1814, part ii, p. 47. 

 

[29] A. Lisiansky, _Voyage, etc._, London, 1814, p. 1899. 

 

[30] _Ethnographische Skizzen_, 1855, p. 121. 

 

[31] C.F.P. von Martius, _Zur Ethnographie Amerika's_, Leipzig, 1867, Bd. 

i, p. 74. In Ancient Mexico Bernal Diaz wrote: _Erant quasi omnes sodomia 

commaculati, et adolescentes multi, muliebriter vestiti, ibant publice, 

cibum quarentes ab isto diabolico et abominabili labore_. 

 

[32] Hammond, _Sexual Impotence_, pp. 163-174. 

 

[33] _New York Medical Journal_, Dec. 7, 1889. 

 

[34] J. Turnbull, "_A Voyage Round the World in the Year 1800_," etc., 

1813, p. 382. 

 

[35] _Annales d'Hygiene et de Medecine Coloniale_, 1899, p. 494. 

 

[36] Oskar Baumann, "Contraere Sexual-Erscheinungen bei die 

Neger-Bevoelkerung Zanzibars," _Zeitschrift fuer Ethnologie_, 1899, Heft 6, 

p. 668. 

 

[37] Rev. J.H. Weeks, _Journal Anthropological Institute_, 1909, p. 449. I 

am informed by a medical correspondent in the United States that inversion 

is extremely prevalent among American negroes. "I have good reason to 

believe," he writes, "that it is far more prevalent among them than among 

the white people of any nation. If inversion is to be regarded as a 

penalty of 'civilization' this is remarkable. Perhaps, however, the Negro, 

_relatively to his capacity_, is more highly civilized than we are; at any 

rate his civilization has been thrust upon him, and not acquired through 

the long throes of evolution. Colored inverts desire white men as a rule, 

but are not averse to men of their own race. I believe that 10 per cent, 

of Negroes in the United States are sexually inverted." 

 

[38] Among the Papuans of German New Guinea, where the women have great 

power, marriage is late, and the young men are compelled to live separated 

from the women in communal houses. Here, says Moskowski (_Zeitschrift fuer 

Ethnologie_, 1911, Heft 2, p. 339), homosexual orgies are openly carried 

on. 

 

[39] C.G. Seligmann, "Sexual Inversion Among Primitive Races," _Alienist 

and Neurologist_, Jan., 1902. In a tale of the Western Solomon Islands, 

reported by J.C. Wheeler (_Anthropophyteia_, vol. ix, p. 376) we find a 

story of a man who would be a woman, and married another man and did 

woman's work. 

 

[40] Hardman, "Habits and Customs of Natives of Kimberley, Western 

Australia," _Proceedings Royal Irish Academy_, 3d series, vol. i, 1889, p. 

73. 

 

[41] Klaatsch, "Some Notes on Scientific Travel Amongst the Black 

Populations of Tropic Australia," Adelaide meeting of _Australian 

Association for the Advancement of Science_, January, 1907, p. 5. 

 

[42] In further illustration of this I have been told that among the 

common people there is often no feeling against connection with a woman 

_per anum_. 

 

[43] Chevalier (_L'Inversion Sexuelle_, pp. 85-106) brings forward a 

considerable amount of evidence regarding homosexuality at Rome under the 

emperors. See also Moll, _Kontraere Sexualempfindung_, 1899, pp. 56-66, and 

Hirschfeld, _Homosexualitaet_, 1913, pp. 789-806. On the literary side, 


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