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homosexual prostitutes, resembling those found in China and many regions
of northern Asia, bearing also the same name of _batsha_, are said to be
especially common because fostered by the scarcity of women through
polygamy and by the women's ignorance and coarseness. The institution of
the _batsha_ is supposed to have come to Turkestan from Persia. (Herman,
"Die Paederastie bei den Sarten," _Sexual-Probleme_, June, 1911.) This
would seem to suggest that Persia may have been a general center of
diffusions of this kind of refined homosexuality in northern Asia.
 Morache, art. "Chine," _Dictionnaire Encyclopedique des Sciences
Medicales_; Matignon, "La Pederastie en Chine," _Archives d'Anthropologie
Criminelle_, Jan., 1899; Von der Choven, summarized in _Archives de
Neurologie_, March, 1907; Scie-Ton-Fa, "L'Homosexualite en Chine," _Revue
de l'Hypnotisme_, April, 1909.
 _Moeurs des Peuples de l'Inde_, 1825, vol. i, part ii, ch. xii. In
Lahore and Lucknow, as quoted by Burton, Daville describes "men dressed as
women, with flowing locks under crowns of flowers, imitating the feminine
walk and gestures, voice and fashion of speech, ogling their admirer with
all the coquetry of bayaderes."
 _Voyages and Travels_, 1814, part ii, p. 47.
 A. Lisiansky, _Voyage, etc._, London, 1814, p. 1899.
 _Ethnographische Skizzen_, 1855, p. 121.
 C.F.P. von Martius, _Zur Ethnographie Amerika's_, Leipzig, 1867, Bd.
i, p. 74. In Ancient Mexico Bernal Diaz wrote: _Erant quasi omnes sodomia
commaculati, et adolescentes multi, muliebriter vestiti, ibant publice,
cibum quarentes ab isto diabolico et abominabili labore_.
 Hammond, _Sexual Impotence_, pp. 163-174.
 _New York Medical Journal_, Dec. 7, 1889.
 J. Turnbull, "_A Voyage Round the World in the Year 1800_," etc.,
1813, p. 382.
 _Annales d'Hygiene et de Medecine Coloniale_, 1899, p. 494.
 Oskar Baumann, "Contraere Sexual-Erscheinungen bei die
Neger-Bevoelkerung Zanzibars," _Zeitschrift fuer Ethnologie_, 1899, Heft 6,
 Rev. J.H. Weeks, _Journal Anthropological Institute_, 1909, p. 449. I
am informed by a medical correspondent in the United States that inversion
is extremely prevalent among American negroes. "I have good reason to
believe," he writes, "that it is far more prevalent among them than among
the white people of any nation. If inversion is to be regarded as a
penalty of 'civilization' this is remarkable. Perhaps, however, the Negro,
_relatively to his capacity_, is more highly civilized than we are; at any
rate his civilization has been thrust upon him, and not acquired through
the long throes of evolution. Colored inverts desire white men as a rule,
but are not averse to men of their own race. I believe that 10 per cent,
of Negroes in the United States are sexually inverted."
 Among the Papuans of German New Guinea, where the women have great
power, marriage is late, and the young men are compelled to live separated
from the women in communal houses. Here, says Moskowski (_Zeitschrift fuer
Ethnologie_, 1911, Heft 2, p. 339), homosexual orgies are openly carried
 C.G. Seligmann, "Sexual Inversion Among Primitive Races," _Alienist
and Neurologist_, Jan., 1902. In a tale of the Western Solomon Islands,
reported by J.C. Wheeler (_Anthropophyteia_, vol. ix, p. 376) we find a
story of a man who would be a woman, and married another man and did
 Hardman, "Habits and Customs of Natives of Kimberley, Western
Australia," _Proceedings Royal Irish Academy_, 3d series, vol. i, 1889, p.
 Klaatsch, "Some Notes on Scientific Travel Amongst the Black
Populations of Tropic Australia," Adelaide meeting of _Australian
Association for the Advancement of Science_, January, 1907, p. 5.
 In further illustration of this I have been told that among the
common people there is often no feeling against connection with a woman
 Chevalier (_L'Inversion Sexuelle_, pp. 85-106) brings forward a
considerable amount of evidence regarding homosexuality at Rome under the
emperors. See also Moll, _Kontraere Sexualempfindung_, 1899, pp. 56-66, and
Hirschfeld, _Homosexualitaet_, 1913, pp. 789-806. On the literary side,
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