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Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION-1.1
INTRODUCTION-1.2
INTRODUCTION-1.3
INTRODUCTION-1.4
INTRODUCTION-1.5
INTRODUCTION-1.6
INTRODUCTION-1.7
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2
THE STUDY OF SEXUAL INVERSION
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN MEN-3
HISTORY-1-2-3-4
HISTORY-5
HISTORY-6
HISTORY-7-8
HISTORY-9
HISTORY-10-11-12
HISTORY-13-14
HISTORY-15
HISTORY-16-17-18-19
HISTORY-20
HISTORY-21 (begin)
HISTORY-21 (end)
HISTORY-22-23-24
HISTORY-25
HISTORY-26
HISTORY-27
HISTORY-28-29-30-31-32
HISTORY-33
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-1
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-2
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-3
SEXUAL INVERSION IN WOMEN-4
HISTORY-34-35-36-37
HISTORY-38
HISTORY-39.1
HISTORY-39.2
HISTORY-39.3
HISTORY-39.4
FOOTNOTES
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
THE NATURE OF SEXUAL INVERSION-4
FOOTNOTES
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-1
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-2
THE THEORY OF SEXUAL INVERSION-3
CONCLUSIONS-1
CONCLUSIONS-2
CONCLUSIONS-3
CONCLUSIONS-4
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B-1
APPENDIX B-2-3-4
INDEX OF AUTHORS

Petronius best reveals the homosexual aspect of Roman life about the time 

of Tiberius. 

 

[44] J.A. Symonds wrote an interesting essay on this subject; see also 

Kiefer, _Jahrbuch f. sex. Zwischenstufen_, vol. viii, 1906. 

 

[45] See L. von Scheffler, "Elagabal," _Jahrbuch f. sex. Zwischenstufen_, 

vol. iii, 1901; also Duviquet, _Heliogabale (Mercure de France_). 

 

[46] The following note has been furnished to me: "Balzac, in _Une 

Derniere Incarnation de Vautrin_, describes the morals of the French 

_bagnes_. Dostoieffsky, in _Prison-Life in Siberia_, touches on the same 

subject. See his portrait of Sirotkin, p. 52 et seq., p. 120 (edition J. 

and R. Maxwell, London). We may compare Carlier, _Les Deux Prostitutions_, 

pp. 300-1, for an account of the violence of homosexual passions in French 

prisons. The initiated are familiar with the fact in English prisons. 

Bouchard, in his _Confessions_, Paris, Liseux, 1881, describes the convict 

station at Marseilles in 1630." Homosexuality among French recidivists at 

Saint-Jean-du-Maroni in French Guiana has been described by Dr. Cazanova, 

_Arch. d'Anth. Crim._, January, 1906, p. 44. See also Davitt's _Leaves 

from a Prison Diary_, and Berkman's _Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist_; also 

Rebierre, _Joyeux et Demifous_, 1909. 

 

[47] D. McMurtrie, _Chicago Medical Recorder_, January, 1914. 

 

[48] See Appendix A: "Homosexuality among Tramps," by "Josiah Flynt." 

 

[49] _Inferno_, xv. The place of homosexuality in the _Divine Comedy_ 

itself has been briefly studied by Undine Freuen von Verschuer, _Jahrbuch 

fuer sexuelle Zwischenstufen_, Bd. viii, 1906. 

 

[50] Hirschfeld and others have pointed out, very truly, that inverts are 

less prone than normal persons to regard caste and social position. This 

innately democratic attitude renders it easier for them than for ordinary 

people to rise to what Cyples has called the "ecstasy of humanity," the 

emotional attitude, that is to say, of those rare souls of whom it may be 

said, in the same writer's words, that "beggars' rags to their 

unhesitating lips grew fit for kissing because humanity had touched the 

garb." Edward Carpenter (_Intermediate Types among Primitive Folk_, p. 83) 

remarks that great ethical leaders have often exhibited feminine traits, 

and adds: "It becomes easy to suppose of those early figures--who once 

probably were men--those Apollos, Buddhas, Dionysus, Osiris, and so 

forth--to suppose that they too were somewhat bisexual in temperament, and 

that it was really largely owing to that fact that they were endowed with 

far-reaching powers and became leaders of mankind." 

 

[51] English translation, _Primitive Folk_, in Contemporary Science 

series. 

 

[52] R. Horneffer, _Der Priester_, 2 vols., 1912. J.G. Frazer, in the 

volume entitled "Adonis, Attis, Osiris" (pp. 428-435) of the third edition 

of his _Golden Bough_, discusses priests dressed as women, and finds 

various reasons for the custom. 

 

[53] Edward Carpenter, _Intermediate Types among Primitive Folk_, 1914. 

 

[54] Westermarck, _Origin and Development of Moral Ideas_, vol. ii, ch. 

xliii. 

 

[55] "Italian literature," remarks Symonds, "can show the _Rime 

Burlesche_, Becadelli's _Hermaphroditus_, the _Canti Carnascialeschi_, the 

Macaronic poems of Fidentius, and the remarkably outspoken romance 

entitled _Alcibiade Fanciullo a Scola_." 

 

[56] The life of Muret has been well written by C. Dejob, _Marc-Antoine 

Muret_, 1881. 

 

[57] F.M. Nichols, _Epistles of Erasmus_, vol. i, pp. 44-55. 

 

[58] Burckhardt, _Die Kultur der Renaissance_, vol. ii, _Excursus_ ci. 

 

[59] F. de Gaudenzi in ch. v of his _Studio Psico-patologico sopra T. 

Tasso_ (1899) deals fully with the poet's homosexual tendencies. 

 

[60] Herbert P. Horne, _Leonardo da Vinci_, 1903, p. 12. 

 

[61] S. Freud, _Eine Kindheitserinnerung des Leonardo da Vinci_, 1910. 

 

[62] See Parlagreco, _Michelangelo Buonarotti_, Naples, 1888; Ludwig von 

Scheffler, _Michelangelo: Ein Renaissance Studie_, 1892; _Archivo di 

Psichiatria_, vol. xv, fasc. i, ii, p. 129; J.A. Symonds, _Life of 

Michelangelo_, 1893; Dr. Jur. Numa Praetorius, "Michel Angelo's 

Urningtum," _Jahrbuch fuer sexuelle Zwischenstufen_, vol. ii, 1899, pp, 

254-267. 

 

[63] J.A. Symonds, _Life of Michelangelo_, vol. ii, p. 384. 


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